Gall Forming Wasps and Ants

Adult (1, 2, 9, 10 & 11) and larval (12 & 13) representatives of plant parasitising wasps and ants of Hymenoptera.  Structures on plants are galls which are large deformations of plant tissue induced to grow once a female lays eggs into the plant tissue.  These galls provide nutrients and protection for larvae however, these larvae are often hyper-parasitised by other hymenopterans, sometimes of the same family.